​​The Jewish Families of Ostropol
 Researching  Jewish Families in the territories of the Russian Empire and in the small Ukrainian town of Ostropol


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The Flip Side –Imperial Russian Records we can find from Records created abroad

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Quarterly Column - The Flip Side –Imperial Russian Records we can find from other Russian Records and Records created abroad 
Column 1 Nov 2018 - Jewish Colonial Trust Bond Holders of Ostropol
by  Deborah Glassman, copyright 2018

This is the first in a series of articles  about Ostropol Jews in records of Imperial Russia. Each will be the focus of this column every few months. They all have a common thread of having connected records created in Russia, that are still accessible in the archives of nations which  formerly were combinations of provinces in the Russian Empire. They are the “flip side” of records we know about from materials created in other nations or published online, or otherwise indicated in available records.

We will start  here with an introduction to  those who held bonds, bank accounts, and  insurance policies while living in Russia. Who would have held such things? Well, this first column looks at this list of Ostropol residents who supported the nascent Zionist movement of the 1890s by buying Jewish Colonial Trust Bonds. Purchases were made between  1890 and 1905. There were eight men from Ostropol, twenty  men from Polonnoye, fifty-two from Baranovka, eleven from Miropol, and eleven from Lyubar. The Ostropolers are listed below, and you can tell me if you would like me to publish those from the other towns also.

Some of the differences in the spelling of names reflect indexing errors in the modern database, rather than orthographical changes. Some just reflect choices of which transliteration to use.

Ostropolers who Owned Jewish Colonial Trust Bonds
Dolin, Moishe of Ostropol (reported as Moische Dolm in today’s trustee records )
Echenberg, Chaim of Ostropol (reported as Chaim Eichenberg in today’s trustee records)
Grunfeld, Sender of Ostropol
Koteliansky, Shlema of Ostropol (reported as Schloime Ketelansky in today’s trustee records)
Moischenson, Akiva of Ostropol (reported as Akiwa Moischesohn in today’s trustee records)
Nuchemsohn, Abram of Ostropol
Wassermann, Srul of Ostropol

Each of these men appeared as Voters  in Ostropol in 1906 or 1907.
Dolin, Moshe - appears with his patronym, a voter in Ostropol in 1906.
Gekhenberg, Khaim  - appears with his patronym, a voter in Ostropol in 1906.
Grinfeld, Sender - appears with his patronym, a voter in Ostropol in 1906.
Kotelianski, Shlema - appears with his patronym, a voter in Ostropol in 1906 and 1907.
Meisenzhon, Kiva -  appears with his patronym and a double given name, a voter in Ostropol in 1906.
Nukhimzon, Avrum  - appears as a patronym to his son, a voter in Ostropol in 1906
Vaserman, Srul or Yisrael - does not appear in 1906 or 1907 Voter Lists. If he is part of your family tree, would love to hear from you!

Each of these men, further appear in the list of tax payers in 1906 or 1907 as Guild Merchants. The exception of course is Srul Vaserman (Israel Wasserman) who I have not found in 1906 and for whom I am seeking other records. That tax payer list is part of the original Voters Lists which tells us by what property rights, the party is entitled to vote. 
Re : Voter records -You can order the Voters Records in which these men appear with more details, by purchasing the combo eBook of the Ostropol Revision List of 1834 and the Voters Lists of Ostropol and Lyubar for just 50.00 USD. If  you want to purchase just the individual search with the  full data of double given names, father's name, and tax status, you can click on the link on any page on this site and order it for just 14.00 USD per individual voter. Remember to fill in a form to tell me whose info you want from which source.

Every purchaser of those bonds were entered into multiple records, which means that your odds of finding materials relevant to your bond-holder relative, go way up. For instance, you will find bond holder records amidst the records of Insurance, Private Banks, and Joint Stock companies in the Russian State Historical Archives in Moscow. Their website can be viewed in English and searched with an embedded search engine in Russian, and all you have to do is type your search fields in Google Translate and then copy and paste. You can see their website at http://www.fgurgia.ru . The materials you are  looking for there, are in part, in the Fonds of Public and Private Institutions. You will also find related  material in the records of the Ministry of the Interior at the same archives, which had charge of the police surveillance of Zionists, such as these who announced their support of a future state of Israel. The Ministry of the Interior's records are in the Fonds of the Central State Institutions, a top level group in the records of the Russian State Historical Archives. There may also be relevant records in the  Central State Historical Archives of Ukraine in Kyiv (TsDIAK of Ukraine)  http://cdiak.archives.gov.ua/index.php   . 

I changed the title of this article after I wrote it. It had originally just referenced records found abroad, but there are other, easy to find  Russian records, that  can let us find more of the difficult ones.  Give me feedback on these articles and what you would like to see!

Ideas for Upcoming Articles for this Column - Give Me Feedback on What You Would Like to See!:

Deborah Glassman's project of finding the records of those who emigrated legally through the port of Libau is now in process. It is a  Kurlandski Gubernski Vedemosti project and will take me around four months. It will cover a twenty-five year  period from around 1887-1914. I need your help with this! Please send me the names of any Ostropolers (and folks from nearby towns) who arrived in the United States on a ship that sailed out of Libau. Typically the names of the ships were taken from Russian cities such as Kursk. If you know your emigrants exited via the port of Libau and they were from Ostropol, Lyubar, or towns in Novogrod-Volinski district or StaroKonstantinov district – send me their names and the names of the ship and dates that you have from the arrival manifests.

1. Ostropolers who Owned Insurance Policies that paid out in Russia
2. Ostropolers who Died Abroad, and whose estates were notified by the Russian Consul
3. Ostropolers who Emigrated without Russian government permission 

4. Ostropolers who Emigrated Legally through the Russian ports of Libau, Riga, and Odessa 
5. Ostropolers who Crossed International Borders for Business while living in Russia


Unusual Connections to these Bond Holders

Moishe Dolin's son Ventsion Moisei-Moshkov Dolin appears in the records of the Paris office of the Russian Imperial Secret Police, the Okhrana. Ventsion was an agent working against the various Revolutionaries, and then worked to defeat the Germans in World War I by being a double agent. He was a valuable asset of the Russian government against the Germans.  The Paris Records of this Russian agency were sent to the Hoover Institute in California  in the 1920s . We may be able to find more materials on him in addition to a CIA written biiography of Ventsion. The CIA''a interest was in   trying to learn about methods of the Soviet Secret Police from materials created in the Imperial Russian Secret Police.

Chaim Echenberg's son Pinya  emigrated to the US in 1907. His son Moses had immigrated to Quebec in August 1890 and was still there in the Quebec census of 1891, but eventually Moses returned to Ostropol and died there. Chaim's  sister Meyta Leah Kitner immigrated to the US as a seventy+ year old in 1921 and Chaim's  wife Goldie was Meyta's nearest relative in the old country. So Goldie, Chaim's wife was still living as a widow in the Soviet Union. Chaim and his brother Tevya's 's son Alter  were Guild Merchants, but the sons of Chaim's brothers Shmuel and Samson were meshanin (tax status meshanin). How did coming from that social stratum play out in Soviet times?

​Sender Grinfeld belonged to a wealthy mill owning family. He emigrated through the European port of Antwerp and appears with his wife and daughters and son-in-law in the Police Emigratiuon files of that city. His file in that system lists both of his parents names, their birth places, and thier years of birth though he himself had been born in 1858! There are photographs of him, his wif, daughters, and son-in-law. There are affidavits from the Ezra Society in Antwerp - basically a Jewish traveler's aide society, and there is information on his wife's death during their residence in Antwerp. 

Shlema Koteliansky was a Mill owner in Ostropol. This is a picture of the remains of the mill from Dean Echenberg's trip to Ostropol. Shlema appears in multiple business directories of the region, but his family renown was from the work of his son Samuel Koteliansky of Ostropol and London, who was a noted translator of Russian literature. Shlema was still at his mill in 1920 when he died in a typhoid epidemic.

Samuel Koteliansky , on the left in 1912 and on the right in 1930
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Write to Deborah Glassman  with any questions about Ostropol research or your family in Ostropol or Volhynia.  I have added dozens of  new articles and new lists about the Jews of Ostropol. Please come back frequently to see the new additions, the new quarterly columns, and artifacts and info! You can use this form, like all of the forms on this website, to tell me what information you would like to order, or what questions or feedback you have.  ​​​
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